30 Second Wine Advisor: Primitivo or Zinfandel? 30 Second Wine Advisor: Primitivo or Zinfandel?

Today's Sponsor

 Something new from The California Wine Club
Attention Red Wine Lovers! The California Wine Club now offers Two Bottle Red-Only shipments from their upper level club, Signature Series. Use promo code: Advisor and receive your first month at half off!
www.cawineclub.com

In This Issue

 Primitivo or Zinfandel?
The wine is Italian, but the label reads both "Primitivo" and "Zinfandel." How's that?
 Something new from The California Wine Club Attention Red Wine Lovers! The California Wine Club now offers Two Bottle Red-Only shipments from their upper level club, Signature Series. Use promo code: Advisor and receive your first month at half off!
 Villa Brondello 2005 Primitivo Puglia "From Old Vines Zinfandel" ($11)
An Italian producer takes advantage of recent laws to add the sought-after "Z" word to the label of this not-so-Zinlike Primitivo.
Administrivia Change E-mail address, frequency, format or unsubscribe.

 Wine Video Watch
 Learn about our RSS Feed

Primitivo or Zinfandel?

Is it Zinfandel, or is it Primitivo? Oddly, the Italian red wine we feature today is both, if its label is to be believed: The Italian Primitivo gets top billing, but the bottom of the label, in fair-size print, reads (in English), "From Old Vines Zinfandel."

How's that?

What we have here is a case of grape science catching up with reality, while bureaucracy lags behind.

Zinfandel, long called a "mystery grape" because it seemed to appear from nowhere in California Gold Rush days, hyped by a promoter named Agoston Haraszthy, who claimed that he had brought the rare grape to California from his native Hungary. In fact, Haraszthy certainly exaggerated his role: Zinfandel (sometimes rendered "Zinfindal," "Zierfandler" or "Zeinfindall") was well-known in the Eastern U.S. as a table grape long before Haraszthy set foot in Napa. It had turned up in a horticultural fair in Massachusetts as early as 1834.

Also, based on similarity in the grape and its leaves and the wine it made, Zinfandel for many years was thought to be a sibling of the Southern Italian Primitivo of Puglia.

It was only as recently as 2001 that modern grape sleuths, including Dr. Carole Meredith of the University of California at Davis, used DNA technology to confirm that Zinfandel and Primitivo are the identical grape, albeit different clones; and the same is true of the little-known Crljenik Kasteljanski of Croatia, which is now thought to be the original variety, exported to Italy as Primitivo and to the U.S. as Zinfandel.

Based on this evidence, the European Union moved quickly to permit Italian producers to use either "Primitivo" or "Zinfandel" (or, as in the case of today's wine, both) to label wines made from either grape. The move makes great sense for Italy, as Zinfandel is immensely popular in the U.S. and more likely to sell wine exports than the relatively unfamiliar Primitivo.

U.S. regulators, on the other hand, have been slower to approve legal changes. The name Primitivo is now permitted for U.S. wineries (such as Rabbit Ridge) making wine from the Primitivo clone; but in contrast with European rules, American wineries may not use the names Primitivo and Zinfandel as synonyms. A proposal to allow this has been on the books since 2002 but has not been acted upon, reportedly because of opposition by Zinfandel producers who aren't excited about the possibility of competition.

Meanwhile, because the U.S. has signed off on the European labeling laws, this results in a curious situation in which European wineries may call Primitivo "Zinfandel" in U.S. sales, but American wineries may not.

Frankly, and probably more because of differences in wine-making styles than in fruit or terroir, I have rarely found Primitivo and Zinfandel all that similar. There's often a berry-like character in both, but differences typically fall acros the usual Old World-New World lines, with most Zins landing on the big fruit, high-alcohol side, while Primitivo tends to lower alcohol and hints of earth, plus a whack of oak if the producer wants to impress the critics.

Today's wine, reviewed below, hits a pleasant happy medium. Frankly, despite the "Z word" on the label, I don't know that I would have called it as a Zin or a Primitivo in a blind tasting. But I like its balanced presentation of berrylike fruit and subtle earth and its appropriate but not over-the-top 13 percent alcohol, all of which make it a better food wine than many a "monster-style" Zin.




Villa Brondello 2005 Primitivo Puglia "From Old Vines Zinfandel" ($11)

Villa Brondello

Inky blackish-purple with a thin violet edge. Aromas reminiscent of Zinfandel but throttled back, black raspberries and a more winey hint of Chambord raspberry liqueur with a faint earthy back note. Black fruit flavor held up with crisp acidity and marked tannins; 13 percent alcohol makes it relatively lightweight compared with its New World cousins, but I like it the better for that. U.S. importer: Scoperta Importing Co. Inc., Cleveland Heights, Ohio. (April 5, 2008)

FOOD MATCH: A natural with a simple dinner of spaghetti and meatballs.

VALUE: Hard to beat at just over $10 in today's economy.

WHEN TO DRINK: The good combination of fruit, acidity and tannins suggests at least modest aging potential, but it's really meant to drink up, particularly since the track record for synthetic corks in cellaring remains doubtful.

FIND THIS WINE ONLINE:
Check prices and find limited vendors for Villa Brondello's wines on Wine-Searcher.com:
http://www.wine-searcher.com/
find/Brondello/-/-/USD/A?referring_site=WLP

U.S. readers may be able to get more information about local distributors from the importing company, Scoperta, in Cleveland Heights, Ohio.
http://www.tmarchettico.com/contact.html


Talk About Wine Online

If you have questions, comments or ideas to share about today's article
or wine in general, you're always welcome to drop by our online WineLovers Discussion Group. This link will take you to the forum home page, where you can read discussions in all the forum sections:
http://www.wineloverspage.com/forum/village

Everyone is free to browse. If you'd like to post a comment, question or reply, you must register, but registration is free and easy. Do take care to register using your real name, or as a minimum, your real first name and last initial. Anonymous registrations are quietly discarded.

To contact me by E-mail, write wine@wineloverspage.com. I'll respond personally to the extent that time and volume permit.

PRINT OUT TODAY'S ARTICLE
Here's a simply formatted copy of today's Wine Advisor, designed to be printed out for your scrapbook or file or downloaded to your PDA or other wireless device.
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/
2008/04/primitivo_or_zinfandel-print.html



Last Week's Wine Advisor Index

The Wine Advisor's daily edition is usually distributed on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays (and, for those who subscribe, the FoodLetter on Thursdays). Here's the index to last week's columns:

 A sweet kiss (April 4, 2008)
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/tswa20080404.php

 Wine Focus - Loire Chenin Blanc (April 2, 2008)
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/tswa20080402.php

 Cooked! (March 31, 2008)
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/tswa20080331.php

 Complete 30 Second Wine Advisor archive:
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/archives.php

 Wine Advisor FoodLetter: Quick jambalaya (April 3, 2008)
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/food/tsfl20080403.php

 Wine Advisor Foodletter archive:
http://www.wineloverspage.com/wineadvisor2/food/archives.php