The 30 Second Wine Advisor

Vol. 1, No. 27, July 19, 1999
© Copyright 1999 by Robin Garr. All rights reserved.

30 Second Wine Tasting Tip:
To breathe or not to breathe

As a general rule, I consider the practice of giving wine time to "breathe" before it's served to be somewhat overrated.

The idea behind it is simple: Wines that need aging may be shy on aroma and flavor when they're first opened, a characteristic that's sometimes described in winespeak as "closed" or "tight." Give them a little exposure to air, the theory goes, and you're providing a rough-and-ready substitute for the more gentle oxidation that occurs with fine wines as they age in the cellar.

While there's some truth in this, it's worth remembering that it only applies to certain wines. Most wines are fresh and fruity and ready to go as soon as they're put in the bottle, and letting these wines breathe risks missing out on their first blush of freshness. Worse still is the risk you take in breathing an older wine that's fully mature, as some older wines - like some older people - become fragile with age and may give up their spirit very quickly after the cork is pulled.

So I recommend breathing only for young, tannic wines, typically reds (or, even more so, youthful Vintage Ports), as a way to ease the initial "closed" quality or harshness from tannins. But if you do it at all, don't simply pull the cork, which exposes only a tiny circle of wine the size of a dime in the bottleneck to the air. Rather, pour a glass, and do it briskly so the wine gets a good exposure to the atmosphere. Then leave it for an hour or two, and you may find that the wine "opens up" before dinner.

Another approach, of course, is simply to open the wine at the time you serve it, take it as it comes, but if you find it shy, harsh and astringent, push back your glass and enjoy it after dinner, when it's had time to breathe.

The pair of Italian reds that I opened the other night -- hearty Conero Rosso table wines from the Adriatic region called "The Marches," made from the Montepulciano grape -- offered a stunning example of breathing. One was fresh and fruity right out of the bottle, while the other seemed faint and thin. An hour later, however, the first wine was turning a little dull, while the second was only beginning to come into its own, showing structure and character that simply hadn't been present at dinner time. (See my notes below.)

If you've had any interesting experiences with "breathing" wines, I'd enjoy hearing about them. Please drop me a note at And, as always, don't hesitate to get in touch if you'd like to comment on our topics and tasting notes, suggest a topic for a future bulletin, or just talk about wine.

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30 Second Tasting Notes
'Breathing' two from Rosso Conero
Le Terrazze Fattoria Le Terrazze 1997 Rosso Conero ($10.99)
Inky dark garnet in color, almost blackish-purple. Spicy oak and fresh if simple black fruit in the aroma carry over intact on the palate, ripe and juicy, backed by lemon-squirt acidity. Good, typical Italian red table wine. U.S. importer: Vintner Select, Cincinnati. (July 17, 1999)

FOOD MATCH: A thick pan-grilled T-bone is fine with both wines, and a touch of the Marchese alla porchetta flavors - fennel and garlic - in the pan-reduction sauce elevates the match from good to joyous.

San Lorenzo Umani Ronchi 1996 San Lorenzo Rosso Conero ($12.99)
Dark garnet, with rather shy black-fruit aromas at first, becoming much more giving with time; after an hour or more in the glass, it opens up to show anise and spicy aromas, delicate and appealing. Tart, somewhat tannic and a bit closed at first, the flavor also opens up with time to reveal layered complexity. A strong argument for giving some young wines time to breathe. U.S. importer: Martin Scott Wines Ltd., Lake Success, N.Y. (July 17, 1999)

Wine Lovers' Voting Booth
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30 Second Wine Link
Sometimes your neighbors are the last people you meet. I only recently discovered "Dr. Bacchus," a pseudonymous wine lover who lives in Lexington, Ky., just down the pike from me in the Bluegrass. His periodic articles about wine are idiosyncratic, stylish and fun. You'll find them on his Dr. Bacchus Page.

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